Spartan Aircraft Company was founded in 1928 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA. The history of Spartan takes its beginnings from oil. Two years earlier, the first oil gush, named Ida Glenn, sank to the southeast of Tulsa. This oil reserve turned out to be rich enough to create such oil companies as Getty, Gulf, Standard Oil, (now Exxon), Sinclair and Skelly in the future.
The tenths and twenties were a time of great opportunity. Before America opened a new era. Everywhere modern technologies were introduced, such as automobiles, electricity, and Reis flights.
William Skelly, the founder of the Skelly Oil Company, became known as Mr. Tulsa. In the 1920s, he brought his business to the level of one of the world's largest private companies. Skelly was one of the richest people in the country and was very interested in advanced technology. Skelly had a great interest in aviation, which is why Skelly Oil Company sponsored such films as “The Air Adventures of Jimmie Allen” and “Captain Midnight” dedicated to aviation. Skelly's wealth enabled him to turn his passion into production by establishing the Spartan Aircraft Company in 1928. The company began its activities with the aviation college and aircraft manufacturing, whose products consisted of open-cockpit biplanes used for flight training of pilot athletes.
In late 1930, Spartan was acquired by Getty Corporation, owned by oil tycoon and billionaire Paul Getty.
Getty first visited the plant in 1939 and was very impressed with the product quality and management in the company. This combination of good quality and management allowed the company to flourish. Spartan invests its profits in the research and development department, allowing engineers to come up with many technical improvements. One of the most profitable models of the Spartan plant was the "Spartan Executive" - an aviation legend and one of the most respected aircraft of its era. It was built on the most refined taste of the oil-rich company executives. Comfortable accommodation in it was comparable to the comfort of a limousine. This aircraft developed 200 miles per hour with a power reserve of more than 1000 miles. There was also a military version of this aircraft, which was called the "Zeus".
The aircraft were built using the new technology of production, known as the fuselage-monocoque. This method of construction allows you to avoid the carrier frame, which, in turn, has a positive effect on weight. In the production of the monocoque fuselage, aluminum fins with an aluminum casing stretched over them are used.
During the Second World War, Spartan actively produced planes for the US Navy.
At the end of the Second World War, the Getty had to decide where to go on leading the company. The company needed a new product that could be offered to a large audience. Engineers were engaged in several innovative projects. The prototype of the 5 local aircraft was completed and flew, its performance exceeded expectations. It would be the best aircraft of the company if it was built. In addition to this aircraft, work was also being done on a new type of car and a trailer for traveling.
In connection with the war, competition in the market of aircraft manufacturers has increased significantly. Given the high costs and time for the production of aircraft, the top management of the company seriously interested in automotive production. The strong return on demand after the war prompted Getty to organize the production of tourist trailers. The first prototype was made in 1945 using aircraft design and technology. Outwardly, he looked like the Spartan Executive's flagship.
By mid-1945, a prototype tourist trailer passed road tests and a production cycle of 100 pieces was planned.
Spartan did not spare funds for the development and production of trailers. They were made with high quality, technology and advanced design. The body-monocoque was similar to the aircraft fuselage. Trailers from Spartan were "Cadillacs" among similar products from other factories in the US market. True and the sale price was not at all cheap. The 25 pound Spartan Manor cost $ 4,000, while for $ 8,000 you could buy a house in Livettown with land. The first models of Spartan trailers began to descend from the conveyor in the mid-40s, and in the early 50s they began producing the largest 35-pound trailer, which was the most luxurious tourist trailer of that time. Along with the change in the road network, the views of tourist trailers also changed. The company began making much larger trailers, or houses, as they were called in Spartan. They were completed with windows and furniture fittings.
In the 1950s, competition in the production of trailers began to increase substantially. Most manufacturers offered trailers at a price significantly lower than the Spartan. In 1958, to stay afloat, Spartan launches 2 new models of the trailer. "Sparcraft" - all-aluminum trailer with a new design. The finish and quality of aluminum was worse than on previous Spartan models. Super economical model "Sparlane" represented the most affordable mobile home with an angular design.
1962 was the last year of production. At this time, Spartan had the widest assortment of production (19 models). The largest trailer reached 10 feet wide and 57 feet long.
In 1962, the plant was closed, the company was renamed Minnehoma and took a new course in the field of insurance and financial business. After the closure of the plant, the name was sold to the school of aeronautics (Spartan School of Aeronautics), which still exists today.